This is East Iceland’s largest island, covering some 2 km². Moreover, it is home to the country’s oldest and tiniest wooden church, built in 1807 and since renovated, like the old farmstead on the island. The hilly land has deep wet areas where considerable peat used to be extracted, and many birds nest in the cliffs, especially puffins, of which there are about 30,000 pairs. Since the island also has lush vegetation, with at least 124 vascular plant species already recorded,
Papey farmers had many resources and were considered prosperous. A lighthouse built in 1922 stands on the highest hill (58 m), which is an excellent spot for viewing the 360o panorama. Christian hermits from the British Isles are said to have lived here before saga times, and some archaeological investigation has occurred. No boat rides are offered for guests to Papey anymore.